CAMBIO CLIMATICO, EDUCACIÓN Y REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA

CAMBIO CLIMATICO, EDUCACIÓN Y REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA

En estos días se ha hablado sobre cambio climático en República Dominicana, y es que se ha presentado en el país un proyecto para captar recursos para luchar contra el cambio climático. También se han desarrollado acciones por motivo de la semana del reciclaje.

Pero, ¿se conocen los principales problemas que está causando esta problemática ambiental en el país? ¿Conoce la población dominicana cual es el verdadero significado del concepto “cambio climático? ¿Qué puede hacer la educación para sensibilizar a la población? Son preguntas que no podemos responder con certeza.

Lo que sí está claro es que el cambio climático es real, y es producido por los humanos, y más después del resultado salido a la luz en los últimos días, donde se refleja que un 97% de los científicos internacionales piensan que el cambio climático es real y es producido por la población.

En este sentido, debemos recordar que República Dominicana, según Harmeling (2010), ocupa el octavo lugar en el Índice de Riesgo Climático Global.

Por tanto, República Dominicana es uno de los principales países amenazados por el clima. Aunque, si vemos los que ha ido ocurriendo los últimos años y lo que está ocurriendo actualmente en el país, debemos hablar de que República Dominicana ya está sufriendo el cambio climático.

Tenemos la zona noroeste, donde provincias como Dajabón están sufriendo en los últimos años sequía. Tenemos el ejemplo de la subida del nivel del agua en el Lago Enriquillo. Ha habido inundaciones en zonas bajas por desbordamiento de ríos y presas, como ocurrió hace unos años en San Cristóbal o La Romana. Están aumentando los incendios forestales en el Parque Nacional Sierra de Bahoruco año tras año. Estas son algunas de las manifestaciones más importantes de la presencia del cambio climático, pero no las únicas.

Pero, ¿puede esto empeorar? Según el Informe de la IISD REPORT (2011), el riesgo climático puede aumentar en la cuenca del río Haina, rio Ozama, rio Yuna, río Yaque del Sur o la región de Bávaro-Punta Cana. También podrían aumentarar los problemas de salud (malaria y dengue) y habrá un impacto negativo en el sector agropecuario y la biodiversidad.

Y, ¿se puede concienciar a la población desde la educación? La respuesta es sí. En este sentido, la Ley 64-00 de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales habla de que todos los planes de estudios deben tener una materia relacionada con educación ambiental. Hasta aquí estamos de acuerdo. La pregunta ahora es la siguiente: ¿Se implican los docentes y profesionales en concienciar a la población? Es una pregunta difícil de responder.

Lo que está claro es que se podría hacer mucho más. Y son acciones simples. Por ejemplo el desarrollo de talleres sobre cambio climático o sobre buenas prácticas ambientales en colegios y universidades debe ser objetivo de los directores de centros educativos y universidades del país. También se puede aumentar el número de actividades de reforestación en las áreas protegidas, así como la información sobre la importancia de numerosas especies de flora para luchar contra el cambio climático, como es el caso por ejemplo del maglar, que ayuda a frenar los vientos y huracanes. Es recomendable hacer encuentros entre empresas, instituciones y población, donde se den a conocer los impactos que ofrece este fenómeno ambiental en la salud (enfermedad y muerte). Además, el Gobierno debería aumentar el número de zonas verdes en las ciudades, con el objetivo de servir al país como pulmón ambiental. Esto son algunas posibles acciones, pero se pueden desarrollar muchas más. Solo hace falta iniciativas por parte de todos los agentes.

Pero, esto debe ser un trabajo de todos, tanto del Gobierno como de empresas privadas y población. Y en los tres niveles se deben desarrollar acciones que ayuden a mitigar y frenar el cambio climático. Si falla alguna de ellas el trabajo será en vano.

Y, lo que está claro es que desde la perspectiva de la educación, en centros educativos y universidades se deben de tratar temas relacionados con la separación de basura, reforestación, consumo de alimento naturales, uso de transporte público, reusar, reciclar, y usar adecuadamente el agua y la luz… y lo más importante, se debe motivar para llevarlo a la práctica!

En este sentido, ¿Qué vamos a hacer desde la ONG Educar Para Vivir? En el próximo mes de junio, a través de nuestro compañero Francisco Orgaz Agüera (@franorgaz), realizaremos una Jornada sobre Cambio Climático y República Dominicana” con los alumnos de la materia “Educación para el Medio Ambiente” de la Universidad Tecnológica de Santiago (UTESA), recinto Dajabón.

Con esto, se dará comienzo a la iniciativa “Nuevo mes, nueva acción ambiental”, donde la ONG Educar Para Vivir desarrollará una acción con el objetivo de contribuir a mejorar la educación ambiental en República Dominicana. 

Drawing a Smile

As you might know, Palestine is one of several countries with many refugees around the world, who struggle every day to return to the land that was taken from them 65 years ago. They yearn to return to their place of heritage and erase the refugee label from their lives. Unfortunately, seeing how things have developed over the years, this is a dream that will not come true.

Palestine, Educar para Vivir, 2013

According to Article 1 A (2) of the 1951 Convention the term “refugee” shall apply to any person who:

“As a result of events occurring before 1 January 1951 and owing to well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country; or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of his former habitual residence as a result of such events, is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to return to it.”

Currently, there are 5 million Palestinian refugees around the world, with 1.4 million living in 58 refugee camps distributed throughout Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, Gaza, and West Bank. 17.1% of them live in refugee camps in West Bank and 41.7% of those are children under the age of 15.

Palestina, Educar para Vivir, EpV

In Palestine there are 19 official refugee camps where 727,471 refugees live, with a total of 52,633 pupils. In the city of Nablus, where our colleague Ruth is, there are 3 large refugee camps, where unfortunately many children are not only refugees, but also orphans, who lost their parents as a result of the intifada or incarceration. Although it is known that Arab families are large, meaning that children are never totally abandoned, it is also true that the affection and love of a parent cannot be replaced. The male figure is the nucleus of the Arab family and a very important cultural pillar, whose absence is noticeable.

Along with a voluntary association created by teachers and students of the An-Najah National University, where our colleague Ruth works as a volunteer teacher, she devotes her time to know the situation of refugee children and orphans. She believes that:

“In a society where children attend schools segregated by sex and where they are forbidden to have contact with each other until they get to college (which is the first place where they begin to have contact with the opposite sex in the classroom), we have created an association with which we intend to change this habit so typical of most Arab countries. However, this is not the only purpose for which we work and struggle. 

What we want is for them to feel comfortable with each other even though they do not know each other, being from different camps. We want them to completely forget the problems that are involved because of the circumstances of the country. We hope they have a good time, have fun and our motto is “let’s draw a smile”. We usually start doing that by having them introduce themselves by singing in a circle. After that, we have breakfast together, and then we start with the games. 

 They are the new generation that will change the course of Palestine, and we want them to grow up happy without fear or hatred.  They need to learn to forgive, forget, love and respect. This is a challenging psycho-socio-educational project; it is not easy to grow up surrounded by soldiers, guns and settlers. “

Ruth Marjalizo, Educar para vivir 2013

School Day of Non-violence and Peace: interviewing Mr. Federico Mayor Zaragoza

(Read full interview here)

Javier Collado met Mr. Federico Mayor Zaragoza to interview him with special motive of “School Day of Non-violence and Peace“, held every January 30 in honor of Mahatma Gandhi.

Mr. Federico Mayor Zaragoza was Director General of UNESCO from 1987 to 1999, and since 2000 chaired the Foundation for a Culture of Peace. It is also one of the main ideologists of the Universal Declaration of Democracy.

The interview was published in the 2nd edition of Global Education Magazine with special topic in “School Day of Non-violence and Peace”, where also participated current Director General of UNESCO, Ms. Irina Bokova.

From Education for Life, we encourage all our followers to read Global Education Magazine, as well as share ideas and experiences.

The role of Global Education in the Millennium Development Goals of the United Nations

The role of Global Education in the Millennium Development Goals of the United Nations, Educar para Vivir

On day November 14, 2012, Education for Life presented the International Conference on “The Role of Global Education in the Millennium Development Goals of the United Nations“, together with Mr. Dante Augusto Galeffi, Coordinator at Multidisciplinary and Multi-institutional PhD in Dissemination of Knowledge of the Federal University of Bahia (Brazil).

The conference was sponsored by the World Forum “Global Education Conference”, and she highlighted the need to transform the educational curriculum to meet global level to achieve the Millennium Development Goals of the United Nations. In addition, it also proposes that UNESCO baptized the next decade 2015-2025 educational as “Global Education”.

You can find the Power Point presentation here and listen to the call here.

Educación Ambiental y Ecoturismo en la República Dominicana

Los problemas medioambientales ante los que nos encontramos a día de hoy en el mundo globalizado del siglo XXI están provocando el deterioro y la desaparición de multitud de áreas protegidas, donde se incluye una gran diversidad de flora y fauna. Por ello, desde Educar para Vivir trabajamos en la República Dominicana en un proyecto de educación ambiental que enfatiza el aprecio por la diversidad bio-cultural y los servicios ambientales que presta el “Refugio de Vida Silvestre Río Soco” (denominación del área protegida localizada en la provincia de San Pedro de Macorís, al sureste).

El Refugio de Vida Silvestre Río Soco está formado por una variedad de ecosistemas distribuidos en formas terrestres y en el río Soco, donde se observan diferentes entradas de agua, procedente de manantiales y caños (arroyos con una cierta profundidad), contando uno de ellos con un balneario natural. Esta área protegida se inauguró en el mes de diciembre de 2010, y desde entonces comenzaron los trabajos de recuperación y acondicionamiento del área protegida. El lugar está acondicionado para la práctica de diferentes actividades ecoturísticas: paseo a pie por el sendero circular (2.000 metros) o lineal (3.400 metros) que recorren el área protegida.

En este contexto, nuestro compañero Francisco Orgaz se encarga de coordinar talleres de sensibilización junto al propio Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales de República Dominicana para concientizar a la población de la importancia de los recursos naturales para la vida actual, y para la vida de las generaciones futuras:

“En general, la educación ambiental y el ecoturismo se ven como dos practicas relacionadas pero al fin de cuentas separadas. En muchos casos, los profesionales relacionados con el ecoturismo (animadores, operadores, guías, etc.) no han logrado incorporar y generar una práctica turística en el marco de la educación ambiental. Sin embargo, si pensamos la educación como el conjunto de procesos y actividades mediante los cuales un grupo asegura que sus miembros adquieran la experiencia social, culturalmente organizada e históricamente acumulada, es decir, si pensamos lo educativo en el sentido más amplio y no sólo relacionado con lo escolarizado, sino como el proceso social por medio del cual las personas aprehenden la cultura, el ecoturismo puede ser conceptualizado como una práctica socio-cultural de orden educativo”

Francisco Orgaz, Educar para Vivir

Francisco Orgaz en talleres educativos de sensibilización del medioambiente

Durante los meses de recuperación del área protegida se han plantado más de un millar de plantas, que se han añadido a las ya existentes en el lugar. Esta medida, además de tener el objetivo de recuperar las zonas más desforestadas del área, está dentro de las acciones que el Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales de la República Dominicana realiza para combatir y frenar los problemas medioambientales que azotan la humanidad. En el propio país, estas áreas reforestadas tienen la misión de “pulmón ambiental” (República Dominicana es uno de los países más contaminados del mundo) y con la siembra de algunas plantas (manglar), se busca frenar los huracanes que azotan en los meses de agosto y septiembre el país.

Este asunto desemboca en la siguiente cuestión: si nosotros podemos disfrutar de estos recursos naturales, ¿por qué las futuras generaciones no? Las respuestas a esta pregunta deben ser acciones que ayuden a conservar los recursos naturales, y que garanticen el disfrute de los mismos por nuestras generaciones, ya que no debemos concebir el mundo como un regalo de nuestros antepasados, sino como un préstamo para nuestros hijos.

The Question of Palestine

In many parts of the world, where apart from food, water, medicine or homes, rights are also scarce, including education. This is not only limited to the right to go to school or pursue university studying and the formation of each individual’s professional potential, gaining the opportunity to live a better life, but also the opportunity to receive a secular education where there is lifestyle individuality, where each person is able to make their own decisions, and where neither government nor society control civil life. A clear example is Palestine, located in the Middle East.

In Palestine, there is a team member from Education for Life. Our colleague Ruth works as a volunteer teacher at An-Najah National University located in the city of Nablus, in the northern West Bank. She is teaching the Spanish language to Palestinian university students of varying academic background (from linguists to engineers); in which all students have access and the chance to learn Spanish. But apart from that, her and her colleagues share with students other customs or ways of life that exist in other parts of the globe. They transmit other perspectives from different cultures, and they inform them of places where perhaps there are more job opportunities than they can find at their country.

Ruth Marjalizo, Palestina, Educar para Vivir

Ruth Marjalizo with a children from Palestine

“My work ideology is based on mutual respect, respect for others and respect for the doctrines. We are not putting our ideas before those of them neither trying to convince anyone of the opposite of what they think or feel, just we want to share our knowledge and releasing of the wide range of possibilities that exist outside of the land of each population, where their eyes do not reach to see and their ears do not reach to hear. We opted for a secular education, where every person is free to think whatever they want and to choose what they see fit for their future. Far from attempt against religion, secularism in public education provides a framework of coexistence and respect between different religious and belief systems, without imposing any binding way. “

Palestine is a territory quite complicated in terms of where education is concerned. As in many other countries, religion is the most important pillar of society, which controls education and culture. Although this does not mean that the education system is religious, everything is governed and controlled by religion.

This where religion and culture are mixed into a single weapon, creating a society that disenfranchises many people and putting obstacles onto others. This is a great challenge, considering that teaching in a society governed entirely by religion is a very difficult job. It is a very religious country and what makes this unique is how Palestinians are still quite skeptical about the future that awaits them.

Another important role that Education for Life has in Palestine is the help and cooperation in voluntary actions, such as the olive harvest (which takes place now until the end of November). We also want to contact refugee camps both locally and throughout the West Bank, to examine their daily lives, the possibilities that they have and they do not, etc. We want to show the world what they do not know, neither see.

Our goal is to return to Palestine as the country that was before the occupation and war, a country with a more open-minded and more opportunities for growth, which it now has. Where people have the opportunity and the right to a quality education and teachers are merely the means to knowledge and not the only real source of information and wisdom, where youth learn by them-selves in seeking and investigating knowledge. Not a passive society that receives information, and only regurgitate it. They are the future and it is to them that we want to outreach.

http://youtu.be/q13CLScnm0A

2nd European Congress on Global Education: Education, Interdependence and Solidarity in a Changing World

The educational team Education for Life participated as facilitators on September 27th and 28th, in the 2nd European Congress on Global Education organized by the North-South Centre of the Council of Europe in Lisbon, where they met parliamentarians, governments, local and regional authorities, civil society organizations and higher education institutions. The goal was to contribute to the challenges posed by the implementation of Global Education after Declaration of Maastricht in 2002, which requires multilateral policy coordination at all levels.

Manish Jain (Swaraj), Tobias Troll (DEEEP) and Vanessa Andreotti (Univ. de Oulu)

You can find the final document with political strategies to implement the measures adopted here.

Team of facilitators

Find the video with best moments here: http://www.filmaniac.com/crossview/global_education/

Youth Month in Montevideo (Uruguay)

With Matías Rodríguez (National Director of Youth) and other coordinators

Education for Life visited Montevideo (Uruguay) on 16 and 17 August to participate in the International Seminar “2025: Youth with a strategic perspective” organized by the National Youth Institute (INJU). For the seminar was convened national and international experts to discuss youth policies with a medium-term view and reflect on the measures taken today and to be taken to advance the rights of young people.

The seminar aims to recognize the work of young people, of which Rodriguez said to a group of Paysandu who designed the technology as a wheelchair moved by the sound of the voice.

“Being young is not a crime”

Learn more at their website: http://www.inju.gub.uy/

The Forbidden Education

With Germain Doin, Director of “The Forbidden Education”

On day August 13, 2012 , Education for Life was invited to participate in the inauguration of “The Forbidden Education”  in Buenos Aires (Argentina). An independent documentary that began three years ago and collecting more than 100 interviews in Argentina, Uruguay, Chile, Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, Mexico and Spain.

The documentary questions the virtues of the education system in place for decades and brings the “groundbreaking” vision of teachers, educators and pediatricians who believe in challenging postures models like the Montessori, home schooling, free schools, education for projects, active schools or Waldorf pedagogy.

Along the way, more than 150 people have joined in the team, including actors, directors, technicians and artists. The film, nonprofit, was co-produced by 704 persons and available under Copyleft. Copyleft is a free copying license distribution, used for dissemination. Its only requirement is that all activities related to the use, copying, modification, etc., keep the character of both free and dissemination as its modification and new works or copies remain arise Copyleft .

You can read the interview in the October 17 edition of the Global Education Magazinehttp://www.globaleducationmagazine.com/entrevista-con-german-doin-director-de-la-educacion-prohibida/

The day of its release, the film was screened in 151 theaters in 119 cities in 13 countries, and now you can see it here:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-1Y9OqSJKCc&feature=player_embedded

Also, after talking with one of their promoters, Franco Lacomella, Global Education Magazine and the new project emerged after the documentary, Reevo, will work together in the future to create opportunities for dissemination of alternative educational experiences worldwide.