Environment and human development: two big worries for mankind in a world that stills fight against misery and that each year increases environmental crisis. The irrational way that most of industries extracts raw materials and has produced goods, just like the unaware pattern of population’s consumption around the world is something noticeable. The matter of waste disposal from industries and from the population is a very important theme discussed on regional, national and at international institutions like United Nations.
In Brazil, in recent years, we have many examples of public policies for management of solid waste. An example of public policy that combines the worries related to environment and poverty eradication is the support of recycling cooperativesthrough programs and edicts that finances the cooperated. To help those cooperatives to access the government programs some NGOs and academic institutions, like Universidade do Estado da Bahia, aid those cooperatives to build the edicts proposals giving technical and law training.
Education for Life`s role, with the collaboration of Ana Verena Menezes, is to assist the cooperated to be more competitive and to face socioeconomic difficulties that may happen. An example of that was the creation of a statute for a net of cooperatives giving strength to those groups to fight for their rights and compete for public notices. A parallel action was a big effort to organize the hangars that receives the materials on each one of the 9 cooperatives. During that support the cooperated could do a participative production layout which they designed how they imagine the disposition of their working place. Besides, they made the materials signposts, participated on activities to design products to benefit the raw materials collected, like plastic bottles for example. Another important role was the orientation about the best ways to preserve the working material, work safety, just like group dynamics to make interpersonal relations better between the cooperatives.
Here in Brazil the collection work is extremely devalued, not just because the prices offered for the materials are very low but because of the stigmatization of very poor people involved with garbage – the things that are neglected, thrown away. At Salvador, just like in most of the country, there is a minimum importance given to garbage, the majority of homes doesn`t recycle their materials and the city is the spot of the biggest popular party in the world, the Carnival. On 2010, Federal Government started a program of solid waste management through 12.305/10 act that stipulates 20% reduction goal on waste until 2015.
Would that public policies give place to a global governance that will eradicate poverty if they are applied on international law?